China coins dating calander

Here is a Chinese calendar converter to convert Chinese date to their corresponding English date and vice-versa.

Also get the corresponding Chinese lunar calendar years and date for any English date.

It is also referred to as the Lunar, Yin, Xia or the old Chinese calendar.

Following its creation in the Xia Dynasty, succeeding reigns continued to use the calendar but modified it from time to time.

The calendar has links with natural sciences such as agriculture and astronomy, solar terms, the four seasons and traditional festivals such as the Chinese New Year.

There are links also with the ' Five Elements' of which the ancient Chinese believed the physical universe to be composed namely, metal, wood, water, fire and earth.

The longest day of a year or Summer Solstice falls on the 21st or 22nd of June, and the shortest day is the Winter Solstice on either December 21, 22, or 23.

Using these two annual events the year was divided into in 24 equal parts, each forming the 24 solar terms.

The month with its first day nearest the Beginning of Spring (the first solar term) is the first lunar month, and on that day the Spring Festival is held and this varies between January 20th and February 20th.

Just as the Gregorian calendar has a leap year in order to compensate for the fact that the earth does not travel around the sun in exactly 365 days, so the Chinese calendar is adjusted so as to ensure that it bears a proper relationship with the apparent movement of the sun between the northern and southern tropics.

Eras are always first, followed by the number of years and then lastly the character Nen.

As stated above, each Japanese era begins with the first year of government of the new Japanese emperor.

The Japanese calendar is used, in particular, on Japanese coins and bank notes.