The largest temple complex in Nepal, it stretches on both sides of the Bagmati River which is considered holy by Hindus.
Only Hindus are allowed through the gates of the main temple. The big Maha Shivaratri festival in spring attracts hundreds of thousands of devotees from within Nepal and from India.Further east before the Bagmati reaches Pashupati is the temple of Guheshwori dedicated to Shiva's consort Sati Devi.There are around 492 temples, 15 (phallic shrines) to explore.Pashupatinath Temple is one of the eight UNESCO Cultural Heritage Sites of the Kathmandu Valley.The rugged topography has created numerous ecological niches to which different ethnic groups have adapted.
Although trade has brought distinct ethnic groups into contact, the geography has created diversity in language and subsistence practices. Although infant mortality rates are extremely high, fertility rates are higher.
For many people Nepali is secondary to the language of their ethnic group or region.
This situation puts certain groups at a disadvantage in terms of education and civil service positions.
This drop divides the country into three horizontal zones: the high mountains, the lush central hills, and the flat, arid Terai region in the south.
Fast-moving, snow-fed rivers cut through the hills and mountains from north to south, carving deep valleys and steep ridges.
Other significant symbols are the emblems (tree, plow, sun) used to designate political parties.