The hominid is estimated to have lived 3.2 million years ago.
Most people in the country speak Afroasiatic languages of the Cushitic or Semitic branches.
Additionally, Omotic languages are spoken by ethnic minority groups inhabiting the southern regions.
Known locally as Dinkinesh, the specimen was found in the Awash Valley of Ethiopia's Afar Region in 1974 by Donald Johanson, and is one of the most complete and best preserved adult Australopithecine fossils ever uncovered.
Lucy's taxonomic name refers to the region where the discovery was made.
Several important finds have propelled Ethiopia and the surrounding region to the forefront of palaeontology.
The oldest hominid discovered to date in Ethiopia is the 4.2 million year old Ardipithicus ramidus (Ardi) found by Tim D. The most well known hominid discovery is Australopithecus afarensis (Lucy).
In the Ge'ez version of the Ezana inscription, Aἰθιόποι is equated with the unvocalized Ḥbštm and Ḥbśt (Ḥabashat), and denotes for the first time the highland inhabitants of Aksum.
This new demonym would subsequently be rendered as ’ḥbs (’Aḥbāsh) in Sabaic and as Ḥabasha in Arabic.
The country was occupied by Italy in 1936 and became Italian Ethiopia (part of Italian East Africa) until it was liberated during World War II.
Ethiopia was also the first independent member from Africa of the 20th-century League of Nations and the United Nations.
Tracing its roots to the 2nd millennium BCE, Ethiopia's governmental system was a monarchy for most of its history.