The major communities in Gujarat are the traditional Agriculturalist such as Patel, Bharvad, and Rabari, Artisan communities (Gurjar, Prajapati, Sindhi Mochi), Brahmin communities (such as Joshi, Anavil, Nagar, Modh), Farming communities (such as Choudhary Jats and Koli people, Genealogist communities (such as Charans and Barots), Kshatriya communities (such as Koli Thakor The major Gujarati Muslim communities include Nizari Ismailis, Bhadala, Daudi Bohra, Memon, Khoja, Sayyid, Siddhi and Vahora.
Gujaratis have a long tradition of seafaring and a history of overseas migration to foreign lands, to Yemen A sizable number migrated after the Partition of India and subsequent creation of independent Pakistan in 1947.
Early immigrants after 1965 were highly educated professionals.
Since US immigration laws allow sponsoring immigration of parents, children and particularly siblings on the basis of family reunion, the numbers rapidly swelled.
A well known temple popular with Gujaratis is the BAPS Swaminarayan Temple in Neasdon, London.
A popular mosque that caters for the Gujarati Muslim community in Leicester is the Masjid Umar.
The highest concentration of the population of over 100,000 is in the New York City Metropolitan Area alone, notably in the growing Gujarati diasporic center of India Square in Jersey City, New Jersey, and Edison in Middlesex County in Central New Jersey.
Significant immigration from India to the United States started after the landmark Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965.
Early European travelers like Ludovico di Varthema (15th century) traveled to Gujarat and wrote on the people of Gujarat.
He noted that Jainism had a strong presence in Gujarat and opined that Gujaratis were deprived of their kingdom by Mughals because of their kind heartedness.
The descendants of the Gujarati immigrant generation have also made high levels of advancement into professional fields, including as physicians, engineers and politicians.
In August 2016, Air India commenced single aircraft (no transfer) flight service between Ahmedabad and Newark Liberty International Airport in New Jersey, via London Heathrow International Airport.
These were the beginnings of first real British involvement with India that eventually led to the formation of the British Raj.