During this period, particularly in England, the development of naval power (and the interest in voyages of discovery) led to the acquisition and settlement of overseas colonies, particularly in North America.Though previous attempts at uniting the two kingdoms within Great Britain in 1606, 1667, and 1689 had proved unsuccessful, the attempt initiated in 1705 led to the Treaty of Union of 1706 being agreed and ratified by both parliaments.The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands.
It was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries.It has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946.It has been a leading member state of the European Union (EU) and its predecessor, the European Economic Community (EEC), since 1973.However, a referendum in 2016 resulted in 51.9% of the turnout being in favour of leaving the European Union, which is due to take place on 31 October 2019.but such power is delegated by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which may enact laws unilaterally altering or abolishing devolution.
The nearby Isle of Man, Bailiwick of Guernsey and Bailiwick of Jersey are not part of the UK, being Crown dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation.
Subsequent medieval English kings completed the conquest of Wales and made an unsuccessful attempt to annex Scotland.
Following the Declaration of Arbroath, Scotland maintained its independence, albeit in near-constant conflict with England.
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is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland.
K." as shortened and abbreviated geopolitical terms for the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, it does not list "Britain", The adjective "British" is commonly used to refer to matters relating to the United Kingdom.