Certain small features are either part of this plane or not, enough to narrow down the production dates of Stanley planes to within a few years of each other. 45 has the floral motifs along the main body and sliding, adjustable skate which date this plane to before 1910 when the motif became a pebble-effect. There are spurs or nickers on both the main body skate and the sliding skate, just ahead of the blade.The knob was also moved from the main body to the fence in the very late 1800's. The skates are called that either because they skate along the surface of the wood, and they look like ice skates in shape.I set the blade for a very light cut to compensate for this, however this translates to many more strokes to arrive at the same point. 45 has an adjustable depth stop which works very well. 45 had an fence adjustable with a fence adjusting screw setup which makes it easier to tweak the fence.
This design removed the need to have multiple wooden planes for different sized grooves, dadoes, rabbets and beads. 45 - 55, was developed at the peak of the metal hand plane design era (late 1800's). 45 has been in production from the late 1800's to the middle of the 1900's with many different variants along the way.It is interesting that if one were to develop a similar-featured plane today, the design would probably look not too much different than the Stanley No. Each variant was either adopted for manufacturing efficiency or to implement a new feature into the plane.All wood components are original rosewood, the plane body itself is nickel-plated. The skates serve to both support the blade at the rear and to create a bearing surface for the plane to ride in along the board being grooved.The adjustable, sliding skate can be removed for the narrowest, 1/4 in. The fixed, single skate is sufficient for support of the smallest cutter.Neither did we consider the thinning of ice layers as the tremendous weight above forces the ice at lower levels to squeeze out horizontally. “Vostok ice core: a continuous isotope temperature record over the last climatic cycle (160,000 years).” Nature, 33.
More importantly, we did not consider the average precipitation rate and actual depths of ice for different locations on the Greenland ice sheet.
About: Furniture designer and maker (Norman Pirollo) at Refined Edge Design and Pirollo Design, editor and publisher of WOODSKILLS Magazine.
I discovered a passion for working with wood at an early age. Stanley 45 - Combination plow plane and beading plane by Wood Skills Please visit Wood Skills for your woodworking plans, woodworking courses, tutorials and videos.
Aside from the fascination with salvaging several vintage aircraft for parts and movie rights, the fact that these aircraft were buried so deeply in such a short time focuses attention on the time scales used to estimate the chronologies of ice.
If the aircraft were buried under about 250 feet of ice and snow in about 50 years, this means the ice sheet has been accumulating at an average rate of five feet per year. “A 30,000-yr isotope climatic record from Antarctic ice.” Nature, 24.
Annual oscillations of such quantities are often evident in the record.[bctt tweet=”The Lost Squadron, WWII planes found under millions of years of ice? #creation #ageofearth” username=””]Are these records in the ice legitimate?