These women and their female descendants, known locally as the Signares, are an important part of Saint-Louis’ culture and history.
The metis population benefited from their connection with the French, which conferred civil status, education opportunities, gold, real estate, and slaves.
The parasite enters humans through the skin and prevention is dependant on avoidance of swimming, bathing or paddling in fresh water lakes and streams. This country has been categorised as having a risk of Zika (ZIKV) virus transmission. The mosquito responsible most commonly bites during daylight hours and is abundant in urban settings. The illness itself is usually mild but there is a link between infection during pregnancy and babies being born with birth defects.
For Travel Safety Advice you should visit the A viral illness that is transmitted to humans by mosquito bites.The mosquito that spreads dengue bites during the day and is more common in urban areas.Reaching into the heart of the gold-rich Ghana and Mali empires (of which Senegal has at times been part of), the river became known by trans-Saharan traders as the “River of Gold” in the 14th century.It was a nickname that piqued the interest of a certain Portuguese Prince, Henry the Navigator, who after 20 years of failed attempts finally found the Senegal’s Atlantic mouth in the mid-15th century. The Portuguese may have been the early bird, but they weren’t the only European nation to get the worm.Since then, Senegal’s mighty rivers, golden coastline and sandy plains have found themselves part of empires, kingdoms and colonies, before finally gaining independence in 1960. A low-lying country of mostly rolling desert plains, Senegal’s western side wholly borders the Atlantic Ocean, with land borders to the north (Mauritania), east (Mali), and south (Guinea and Guinea-Bissau).
The Gambia, which runs along the Gambia river, is almost entirely engulfed, giving Senegal the cartographic appearance of having a mouth.
However, earlier recordings of the name by Portuguese explorers have implied this might not be the case.
Writing in the 1460s, Alvise Cadamosto, who is credited with discovering the Cape Verde islands, was already calling the river ‘Senega’, with modern historians believing it may derive from the name of Saharan Berber people who lived north of the river: the Zenega people. According to Arab historian Al-Bakri, a city recorded as ‘Sanghana’ or ‘Isenghan’ stood at the mouth of the river in 1068, while the Medici Atlas – a 1351 Genoese Map – depicts a place called Senegany.
Ideally consult with your travel healthcare practitioner 6-8 weeks in advance of travel.
If your trip is sooner, contact them anyway, they may still be able to help and its never too late to seek advice.
In fact, it has two real mouths: the Casamance river in the south and the Senegal river in the north.