It also covers portions of three districts in Inhambane Province.The catchment area of the Limpopo River Basin represents 11 percent of the total national land area and includes just more than 7 percent of the total population.While much of this growth is a consequence of the continued expansion of the larger urban areas such as Gaborone and Francistown, most of the increase is attributed to a reclassification of some larger villages from rural to urban.
The density of the population within the Limpopo River Basin ranges from 1 person/km.The population density in Gaza Province follows very closely the major agro-ecological zones and biophysical characteristics (Chapter 2).South Africa Nearly 45 percent of the total population of South Africa lives in the four northern provinces (Limpopo, North West, Mpumalanga and Gauteng).Limpopo Province is almost completely contained within the Limpopo River Basin, as are parts of North West, Mpumalanga and Gauteng Provinces.The average national population density is only 2.3 persons/km Although the population of Botswana is small, it has had one of the highest growth rates in Africa (3.5 percent).
This high growth rate has created an age structure with a very high ratio of children (unproductive) to adults (productive).
According to GOM-INE (1999b), nearly 93 percent of Gaza Province was considered rural, with the city of Xai-Xai on the coast the only urban centre.
The 1997 census (GOM-INE, 1999a) included more of the major towns in the definition of an urban area (e.g.
Market accessibility and infrastructure have also had a strong influence on where settlements have developed.
The percentage of the population living in urban and rural areas in Gaza Province depends in part on the definition of an urban area.
This chapter describes the social, economic, policy and institutional dimensions that affect the capacity of the people living in the Limpopo River Basin to live with recurrent drought and climate variability.